• CBD has a long and rich history with mankind. Humans have been cultivating cannabis since almost 4000 years BCE. In 1533, scientists and physicians began studying the medical benefits of cannabis. In the mid-1950s, when scientists could extract cannabidiol and prove that CBD is a non-psychoactive component of the cannabis plant, the study and subsequent legal battle for CBD began. Now, almost 6000 years since the cannabis cultivation, it is now legal in all 50 states of the US and the FDA has begun to review CBD as a medicine.
• Cannabis is not illegal because it can get you high, but because in the 1930s, big industry lobbied the government to outlaw hemp in any form because it directly threatened their long-established business models with its extremely-efficient applications in paper, textiles, biodegradable plastics, paint, biofuel, agriculture and animal feed, building materials including insulation, and medication among others
Now, hemp cultivation is still largely prohibited, but 26 states have passed legislation for specific research or commercial production of hemp. These states are paving the highway to the future by spreading awareness that hemp is an incredibly valuable resource for humanity and many of our current global problems could be solved by implementing hemp-based replacements for standard practices, including:
• oil-based non-biodegradable plastics,
• rope and clothing
• building materials and insulation
• non-carbon-emitting fuels,
• and most importantly, natural, side-effect free medical remedies for an endless litany of conditions and illnesses.
The Agricultural Act of 2014, also known as the 2014 Farm Bill, was essentially a pilot program for the hemp industry by legalizing core cultivation activities that have since enabled the hemp industry to grow in remarkable ways.
In December of 2018, the House and Senate passed – and President Trump signed – the new 2018 Farm Act. (1)
The Act removes hemp – officially defined as cannabis plants containing less than .3% THC – from the Schedule 1 Controlled Substances list from a Congressional standpoint.
A few days after the Farm Bill went into law, the FDA issued a statement stating any hemp-based CBD product that is marketed as having therapeutic benefits or as a dietary supplement is illegal to sell unless the FDA has reviewed and approved it.
While still considered a Schedule 1 Controlled Substance by the DEA, CBD is "considered same" as any other agricultural commodity from a federal viewpoint, making it legal to grow and purchase in the United States.
What is Hemp & CBD?
CBD is the shortened term for cannabidiol. This substance is one of the main chemical constituents of cannabis. Hemp and cannabis contain cannabinoid that are known to have effects on the human endocannabinoid system. While some chemicals such as THC are known to cause euphoria, as well as other medical uses, CBD works on the body without causing the same type of intoxication as THC. It is not psychoactive in the basic sense, which means CBD doesn’t make you high. It’s also a different compound than THC, so it won’t show up on a drug test either. CBD is extracted from the leaves and flowers of cannabis plants, and once it’s isolated from the rest of the plant, it can be incorporated into a plethora of other products, from sublingual oils, to gummy bears and even topical anti-inflammatory lotion.
How its extracted: Carbon dioxide extraction of essential compounds and oils is a very flexible process that involves the use of expensive equipment to extract specific compounds from raw plant material with absolutely no solvent leftover.
Hemp Vs Weed the Confusion
Cannabis is a family of plants with two primary classifications , Indica & Sativa. While marijuana can be considered a member of either the Indica or Sativa families, Hemp is a member of the Cannabis Sativa family.
Because Hemp and Marijuana both derive from the Cannabis Sativa family, they do share certain similarities; however, due to each plant’s biological structure, they have several very distinct and crucial differences.
Hemp vs Marijuana: Anatomy
To the untrained eye, hemp and marijuana can appear similar, but if you know what to look for, each plant has very clear distinctions.
Marijuana features broad leaves, dense buds and has a short, bushy appearance. In stark contrast, Hemp features skinny leaves that are concentrated towards the top of the plant and grows taller and skinnier than Marijuana, with few branches beneath its upper portion.
When compared side by side, the two plants can each clearly be identified. As we dive deeper into the anatomy of the two plants, each has crucial differences in their chemical composition.
Hemp vs Marijuana: Composition
Cannabis contains a variety of different compounds called Cannabinoids, two of rich, and the most dominant are Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD).
Both Cannabinoids have shown to provide profound benefits to the human body; however, THC induces psychoactive effects (gets the user “high”), while CBD does not contain any psychoactive properties.
When comparing Hemp vs Marijuana, this is a huge distinction; while Hemp contains a very low concentration of THC (0.3% or less), Marijuana is abundant in THC with concentrations between 15% to 40%.
Because of this, Hemp is grown primarily for industrial purposes, while Marijuana is grown for recreational and medicinal purposes.
o kidney disease
o multiple sclerosis
o Parkinson’s disease
o post-concussion syndrome
o residual limb pain
o seizures, especially those characteristic of epilepsy
o Tourette’s syndrome
What are the effects of CBD?
• Joint Pain Relief: CBD stimulates the adenosine receptor. When this receptor is stimulated, scientist have found that it can strongly inhibit the sensation of pain. It’s so effective that scientist are considering its use for medically treating severe pain.
• Soothes Inflammation: The CBD in hemp oil reduces inflammation by modulating the activity of specific immune cells that promote inflammation. This means that hemp oil can eliminate inflammation at its source, resulting in reduced joint stiffness, pain, and discomfort.
• Balances the Immune System: Sometimes joint issues are caused by an overactive immune system that attacks your own joint tissues. Studies suggest that the CBD in hemp oil can help rebalance the immune system, resulting in fewer symptoms from diseases.
• CBD has been shown alleviate and reduce symptoms of the following:
Certain types of cancer
• Skin: CBD can help with skin issues from the everyday dry skin to more severe conditions such as acne and even skin cancer.
• Cancer: Experimental studies indicate towards CBD’s efficacy in the modulation of cancerous cells in different types of cancer. Medical trial suggest that CBD can sustain the process involving phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, a family of enzymes linked to an array of cellular processes such as growth and proliferation, this time connected to cancer and possibly its inhibition.
• Diabetes: CBD, due to its antioxidant properties, might be used in the treatment of patients who have diabetes. Studies have shown that CBD can aid in treating insulin resistance due to its powerful anti-inflammatory benefits.
• Addiction: Clinical trials including smokers showed that cannabidiol extract inhalation helped participants smoke up to 40% fewer cigarettes.
• By regulating the productions of signals in your cells, acting as an antioxidant, and activating several different types of receptors in your body, CBD is able to exert a number of therapeutic effects with NO negative side-effects yet discovered. Combine all of these factors, and it becomes clear that CBD is ultimately an immunostimulant, and has been found to have substantial capacity for treating the following symptoms and diseases:
o Alzheimer’s disease
o arthritis, including rheumatism
o Crohn’s disease
o traumatic brain injury
o ulcerative colitis